Substance Related and Addictive Disorders
The DSM 5 (APA2013) These include 10 separate classes of drugs; alcohol, caffeine, cannabis (weed, pot), hallucinogens (LSD, MDMA, “Molly”), inhalants, opioids (heroine, percocet, vicodin,), sedatives (Xanex, Valium), hypnotics (Ambien, Benadryl), and anxiolytics, stimulants (crack, cocaine, methamphetamine, “Meth”) tobacco and other/unknown substances
When is it a problem?
A pattern of use and/or cluster of symptoms (cognitive, behavioral and physiological) surrounding the continued use of a substance in spite of significant problems related to its use. In other words when you or someone you know begins excessively or compulsively seeking the particular substance out and using in spite of harmful consequences and negative effects to their lives, whether it be at home, school, work or even the legal system….
Let’s take a look at some of the “diagnostic criteria”, signs, warning signs. While specifics may vary, the following signs tend to exist more or less across substances….
According to the DSM 5 (APA, 2013)
The 11 Symptoms of Alcohol Use Disorder
- The substance is often taken in larger amounts or over a longer period than was intended.
- There is a persistent desire or unsuccessful efforts to cut down or control the substance use.
- A great deal of time is spent in activities necessary to obtain the substance, use of the substance, or recover from its effects.
- Craving, or a strong desire or urge to use the substance.
- Recurrent alcohol use resulting in a failure to fulfill major role obligations at work, school, or home.
- Continued use of the substance despite having persistent or recurrent social or interpersonal problems caused or exacerbated by the effects of the substance.
- Important social, occupational, or recreational activities are given up or reduced because of the substance use.
- Recurrent substance use in situations in which it is physically hazardous.
- The substance use is continued despite knowledge of having a persistent or recurrent physical or psychological problem that is likely to have been caused or exacerbated by use of the substance
- Tolerance, as defined by either of the following: a) A need for markedly increased amounts of the substance to achieve intoxication or desired effect; b) A markedly diminished effect with continued use of the same amount of the substance.
- Withdrawal, as manifested by either of the following: a) The characteristic withdrawal syndrome for that particular substance; b) The substance (or a closely related substance) is taken to relieve or avoid withdrawal symptoms.
The severity of the particular substance use disorder is determined by the number of symptoms present.
Other Problematic Issues
Our program can help you to manage a host of other issues such as Marijuana, Gambling, Sex Addiction, Smoking, Prescription drug abuse and eating disorders
We also understand the complexity of the human mind, and that addictive and/or other problematic behaviors and issues can co-occur and For example, conditions such as depression, anxiety and bipolar disorder frequently overlap and make managing addiction a much more complicated endeavor. Sometimes, we use drugs, alcohol and other such behaviors to cope or self-medicate as a means to address these underlying issues. It is not uncommon to see significant trauma in one’s past as alcohol and drugs can be a potent escape to manage these intense feelings. Our program, professionals and staff are well equipped to help deal your addiction as well as these challenging underlying issues and conditions.